Hernan Cortes Timeline

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  • 1485 - 1547
    Life of the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés.
  • 1485
    Hernán Cortés is born in Medellin, Extremadura, Spain.
  • 1499
    Hernán Cortés studies law at the university of Salamanca.
  • 1504
    Hernán Cortés sails to the New World and settles on Hispaniola.
  • 1511
    Hernán Cortés participates in the Spanish conquest of Cuba.
  • 1519
    Veracruz, Mexico is founded by Hernán Cortés.
  • Mar 1519
    Hernán Cortés lands on the Tabasco coast of Mexico.
  • Nov 1519
    Motecuhzoma II receives Hernán Cortés at the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan.
  • 1520
    Cuitláhuac is briefly the successor to Motecuhzoma II as leader of the Aztec Empire.
  • May 1520
    Hernán Cortés is obliged to leave Tenochtitlan and face a rival force of conquistadors led by Panfilo de Narváez at Veracruz.
  • 30 Jun 1520
    The bloody retreat of Hernán Cortés from Tenochtitlan known as the Noche Triste ('Sad Night').
  • 30 Jun 1520
    Death of Aztec ruler Motecuhzoma II.
  • 7 Jul 1520
    Hernán Cortés defeats a large Aztec army at Otumba.
  • 31 Dec 1520
    Hernán Cortés captures the city of Texcoco.
  • 1521 - 1525
    Cuauhtémoc reigns as leader of the Aztec Empire.
  • 1521
    Texcoco provides ships and men to aide the Spanish siege of Tenochtitlan.
  • Apr 1521
    Hernán Cortés begins the siege of Tenochtitlan.
  • 28 Apr 1521
    Hernán Cortés deploys 13 specially built warships on Lake Texcoco during the siege of Tenochtitlan.
  • 13 Aug 1521
    The Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan falls into the hands of Spanish forces led by Hernán Cortés.
  • 1522
    Hernán Cortés leads an expedition against the Huaxtecs in Mexico.
  • 1523 - 1524
    Hernán Cortés organises an expedition to Honduras led by Cristóbal de Olid.
  • May 1523
    Hernán Cortés is appointed the first governor of the colony of New Spain (Mexico).
  • Oct 1524
    Hernán Cortés personally leads an expedition to Honduras.
  • May 1528
    Hernán Cortés returns to Spain and is honoured by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
  • 1530
    Hernán Cortés returns to Mexico but finds his position usurped by the new governor.
  • 1531 - 1532
    Hernán Cortés explores the Pacific coast of North America as far as California.
  • 1541
    Hernán Cortés campaigns for the Spanish Crown in Algeria.
  • 2 Dec 1547
    Hernán Cortés dies of dysentery in Castilleja la Vieja in Spain.