Henry III of England Timeline

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  • 1 Oct 1207
    Birth of Henry III of England at Winchester Palace.
  • 1215 - 1217
    First Barons' War between King John of England and rebel barons.
  • 1216 - 1272
    Reign of Henry III of England.
  • 1216
    William Marshal is made the Protector of the Kingdom (of England), regent for the young king Henry III of England.
  • 18 Oct 1216
    Death of King John of England of dysentery.
  • 28 Oct 1216
    Henry III of England is crowned king in Gloucester Cathedral.
  • 28 Oct 1216
    Coronation of Henry III of England in Gloucester Cathedral.
  • 20 May 1217
    William Marshal wins the battle of Lincoln against rebellious English barons and their French ally, the future King Louis VIII.
  • 24 Aug 1217
    An English fleet destroys a French fleet sent to support Prince Louis' claim to the English throne.
  • Sep 1217
    Prince Louis renounces his claim to the English throne.
  • Dec 1217
    Alexander II of Scotland pays homage to Henry III of England at Northampton.
  • 14 May 1219
    Death of the great English knight and Protector of the Kingdom William Marshal.
  • 17 May 1220
    Henry III of England receives his second coronation, this time in Westminster Abbey.
  • 19 Jun 1221
    Alexander II of Scotland marries Joan, sister of Henry III of England, in York.
  • 1225
    The Magna Carta is reaffirmed by Henry III of England.
  • Jan 1227
    Henry III of England, aged 20, takes direct control of his kingdom.
  • 20 Jan 1236
    Henry III of England marries Eleanor of Provence.
  • 25 Sep 1237
    Henry III of England and Alexander II of Scotland sign the Peace of York.
  • 1251
    Henry III of England appoints Robert de Ros and John Balliol as guardians of Alexander III of Scotland.
  • 26 Dec 1251
    Alexander III of Scotland marries Margaret, daughter of Henry III of England, in York.
  • Jun 1258
    The Provisions of Oxford gives a council of barons some of the king's powers in England.
  • 1259
    The Treaty of Paris leaves the English Crown with no lands in France except Gascony.
  • 1262
    Henry III of England repudiates the Provisions of Oxford.
  • 1264 - 1267
    Second Barons' War between rebel barons and the king of England.
  • 17 Apr 1264 - 26 Apr 1264
    Royalists in support of Henry III of England defend Rochester Castle against an unsuccessful rebel siege.
  • 14 May 1264
    Simon de Montfort imprisons Henry III of England and Prince Edward and declares himself king.
  • May 1265
    Prince Edward, future Edward I of England, manages to escape his captors and form a royalist army to try and reinstate his father, Henry III of England.
  • 4 Aug 1265
    Prince Edward, future Edward I of England, defeats the pretender Simon de Montfort at Evesham.
  • 16 Nov 1272
    Death of Henry III of England of a stroke.
  • 19 Aug 1274
    Edward I of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
  • Oct 1278
    Alexander III of Scotland swears fealty to Henry III of England but only for his estates in England and not for Scotland.