Greek Philosophy Timeline

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  • c. 610 BCE - c. 546 BCE
    Dates of Anaximander who develops the cosmic theory of the apeiron as the First Cause of existence.
  • c. 585 BCE
    Time in which Thales of Miletus lived.
  • 28 May 585 BCE
    A battle between Media and Lydia broke off immediately as a result a total eclipse of the sun and the two armies made peace. The eclipse was successfully predicted by Thales of Miletus.
  • c. 571 BCE - c. 497 BCE
    Life of Pythagoras of Samos; claim that "number" is the First Cause of existence and the soul is immortal.
  • c. 570 BCE - c. 478 BCE
  • c. 546 BCE
    Date of Anaximenes' work; air is claimed as the First Cause of existence.
  • c. 500 BCE
    Heraclitus of Ephesus lives; claims that change is the essence of life and First Cause.
  • 492 BCE - 432 BCE
    Life of the philosopher Empidocles of Agrigento.
  • c. 485 BCE - c. 415 BCE
    Life of the Sophist Protagoras of Abdera; claim that "man is the measure of all things".
  • c. 469 BCE - 399 BCE
    Life of Socrates.
  • c. 465 BCE
    Zeno of Elea flourishes; writes 40 logical paradoxes to support Parmenides' Monist view.
  • c. 460 BCE - c. 370 BCE
    Life of Democritus, pupil of Leucippus; development of the concept of the atomic universe.
  • 450 BCE
    The Greek philosopher Melissus of Samos is active.
  • c. 445 BCE
    Leucippus of Abdera, the philosopher, is said to have conceived of the atomic universe. His pupil is Democritus.
  • c. 445 BCE - 365 BCE
    Life of Greek Cynic philosopher Antisthenes of Athens.
  • 427 BCE
    Plato is born at Athens, Greece.
  • 407 BCE
    Plato meets Socrates, abandons aspiration to be playwright.
  • c. 404 BCE - 323 BCE
    Life of Greek philosopher Diogenes of Sinope.
  • 403 BCE
    Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy.
  • 399 BCE
    Trial and death of the philosopher Socrates, who taught in the court of the Agora.
  • 384 BCE - 322 BCE
    Life of Aristotle.
  • 367 BCE
    Aristotle begins studies in Athens at Plato's Academy.
  • c. 360 BCE - 280 BCE
    Life of Greek Philosopher Crates of Thebes.
  • c. 470 CE - c. 385 CE
    Life of the philosopher Philolaus, active in Magna Graecia.