Greek Mythology

Definition

Greek mythology was used as a means to explain the environment in which humankind lived, the natural phenomena they witnessed and the passing of time through the days, months, and seasons. Greek myths were also intricately connected to religion and explained the origin and lives of the gods, where humanity had come from and where it was going after death.

More about: Greek Mythology

Timeline

  • c. 1250 BCE
    Trojan War, according to Herodotus.
  • c. 800 BCE - c. 700 BCE
    Homer of Greece writes his Iliad and Odyssey.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Greek poet Hesiod writes his Theogony and Works and Days.
  • c. 700 BCE
    The earliest depiction of a Greek fighting an Amazon is found on a terracotta votive shield.
  • c. 540 BCE
    A black-figure vase by Exekias depicts Achilles killing the Amazon Penthesilea.
  • c. 484 BCE - c. 413 BCE
    Life of the Greek historian Herodotus of Halicarnassos.
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