Goguryeo

Definition

Goguryeo (Koguryo) was a kingdom which ruled northern Korea during the Three Kingdoms period from the 1st century BCE to 7th century CE. The kingdom flourished in the 5th and 6th century CE and has left a rich cultural heritage best seen in its tomb art and architecture. Goguryeo gave its name to the modern state of Korea.

More about: Goguryeo

Timeline

  • 57 BCE - 668 CE
    Three Kingdoms Period in Korea (Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje).
  • 37 BCE
    Traditional founding date of the Goguryeo Kindom in northern Korea.
  • 37 BCE - 668 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom rules in northern Korea.
  • 3 CE
    The Goguryeo capital is established at Gungnae.
  • 53 CE - 146 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Taejo in northern Korea.
  • 179 CE - 196 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gogukcheon in northern Korea.
  • 313 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom conquers the last Chinese commandery at Lelang.
  • 331 CE - 371 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gogugwon in northern Korea.
  • 342 CE
    Murong Huang invades Korea from China and sacks the Goguryeo capital of Gungnae, taking 50,000 inhabitants prisoner.
  • 371 CE
    Baekje conquers the Mahan federation and attacks Pyongyang, killing the Goguryeo king Gogugwon.
  • 372 CE
    A Confucian Academy is established in the Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea and Buddism is adopted as the state religion.
  • 391 CE - 413 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Gwanggaeto the Great in northern Korea.
  • 413 CE - 491 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Jangsu in northern Korea.
  • 427 CE
    Pyongyang replaces Gungnae as the Goguryeo capital.
  • 475 CE
    Goguryeo attacks the Baekje kingdom, killing the king Gaero and forcing the abandonment of Hansong, his capital.
  • 612 CE
    Goguryeo general Eulji Mundeok wins a great victory against the Chinese Sui at the battle of the Salsu River.
  • 628 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea builds a 480-km defensive wall as protection against attack from China.
  • 642 CE - 668 CE
    Reign of Goguryeo king Bojang in northern Korea.
  • 642 CE
    The Baekje and Goguryeo kingdoms join forces against the Silla and conquer Taeya-song (modern Hapchon).
  • 644 CE
    A Goguryeo army defeats a combined Silla and Tang army.
  • 661 CE
    A Tang Dynasty army unsuccessfully besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang.
  • 667 CE
    A Tang Dynasty army besieges the Goguryeo capital of Pyongyang for a second time, this time successfully.
  • 668 CE
    The Goguryeo kingdom of northern Korea collapses following an attack by the Tang Dynasty of China.
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