Genghis Khan

Definition

Genghis Khan (aka Chinggis Khan) was the founder of the Mongol Empire which he ruled from 1206 until his death in 1227. Born Temujin, he acquired the title of Genghis Khan, likely meaning 'universal ruler’, after unifying the Mongol tribes. Utterly ruthless with his enemies, countless innocents were slaughtered in his campaigns of terror - millions according to medieval chroniclers.

More about: Genghis Khan

Timeline

  • 1162
    Possible birth year of Genghis Khan.
  • c. 1162 - 1227
    Life of Genghis Khan, founder of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1167
    Possible birth year of Genghis Khan.
  • 1205
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1206 - 1368
    The Mongol Empire rules in Central and East Asia.
  • 1206
    A great Mongol conference of tribal leaders (khuriltai) awards Temujin the title of Genghis Khan ('universal ruler').
  • 1206 - 1227
    Reign of Genghis Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1209
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1209
    The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
  • 1211
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1212 - 1215
    The Mongols attack Song China, sacking over 90 cities.
  • 1214
    The Jurchen Jin state signs a short-lived peace treaty with the Mongol Empire and is obliged to pay tribute.
  • 1215
    The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
  • 1215
    The Mongols sack Beijing.
  • 1215
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1216
    The Mongols pursue the Khitan into Korea.
  • 1218 - 1220
    The Mongols attack the Khwarazm Empire in Central Asia.
  • 1219
    A Goryeo army allies with the Mongols to attack the Khitan in northern Korea.
  • 1221
    The Mongols attack northern Afghanistan.
  • 1223
    The Mongols defeat an army of the Kievan Rus at Kalka.
  • 18 Aug 1227
    Death of Genghis Khan from illness.
  • 1228 - 1240
    Composition of the Secret History of the Mongols.
Membership