Gandhara Civilization Timeline

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  • c. 1500 BCE - c. 500 CE
    The Gandhara Civilization flourishes in what is today the northern portion of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • c. 520 BCE - c. 325 CE
    Achaemenid rule in the Gandhara region.
  • c. 325 BCE - c. 320 BCE
    Greek rule in Gandhara, ending some time after the death of Alexander the Great.
  • c. 320 BCE - c. 180 BCE
    Mauryan rule in the Gandhara region, beginning with Chandragupta Maurya.
  • 186 BCE
    Demetrios wins a decisive battle in Gandhara, beginning the Yona (or Greek era) in India.
  • c. 180 BCE - 80 BCE
    Period of Indo-Greek rule in the Gandhara region.
  • c. 80 BCE - c. 75 CE
    The combined Scytho-Parthians rule Gandhara.
  • c. 55 BCE - c. 50 BCE
    Gandhara and Western Punjab lost to Indo-Saka kings.
  • c. 75 CE - c. 450 CE
    Kushan rule in the Gandhara region, arguably the golden era of the Gandhara civilization in which art, architecture and the propagation of the Buddhist religion excelled.
  • 455 CE - 484 CE
    Reign of the Tegin Tunjina or Khingila of the White Huns in the region known as Gandhara.
  • 470 CE
    Beginning of White Hun Raids into India.
  • 484 CE - 515 CE
    Reign of the White Hun king Tormana, son of Tunjina.
  • 515 CE - 533 CE
    Reign of the king Mihirakula of the White Huns in Gandhara.
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