French Directory


The French Directory, or Directorate (French: le Directoire), was the government of France from 2 November 1795 until 9 November 1799, a period that spanned the last four years of the French Revolution (1789-1799). The Directory was unpopular, despite military successes, and faced economic crises and social unrest. It was ultimately toppled in the Coup of 18 Brumaire.

More about: French Directory


  • Aug 1795
    The French Constitution of Year III is adopted, laying the groundwork for the French Directory.
  • 2 Nov 1795
    The French Directory is inaugurated.
  • 19 Feb 1796
    The assignat currency is discontinued in Revolutionary France; replaced with the mandat.
  • 27 Feb 1796
    General Bonaparte closes the Pantheon Club.
  • 10 May 1796
    The Conspiracy of Equals is uncovered; Gracchus Babeuf and his compatriots are arrested.
  • Mar 1797 - Apr 1797
    Royalists gain a foothold in the French Directory during its first elections.
  • 27 May 1797
    Gracchus Babeuf and Augustin-Alexandre Darthé are guillotined.
  • 4 Sep 1797
    The bloodless Coup of 18 Fructidor Year V purges royalists from the Directory and paves the way for a Jacobin resurgence.
  • 17 Oct 1797
    Austria and France sign the Treaty of Campo Formio, ending the War of the First Coalition.
  • 9 Nov 1799
    Napoleon Bonaparte takes control of the government in the Coup of 18 Brumaire; both the Directory and the French Revolution are ended.