First Crusade Timeline

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  • Apr 1081 - Aug 1118
  • 1088 - 1099
    Reign of Pope Urban II.
  • 1095 - 1102
    The First Crusade is formed to recapture Jerusalem for Christendom. It is successful in its primary aim.
  • Mar 1095
    Byzantine emperor Alexios I Komnenos appeals to the west for aid against the Seljuks.
  • 27 Nov 1095
    At the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II calls for the First Crusade to form and retake Jerusalem for Christendom.
  • Mar 1096
    The people's army led by Peter the Hermit departs for Constantinople during the First Crusade.
  • 21 Oct 1096
    The "People's Crusade" led by Peter the Hermit is wiped out by a Seljuk army near Nicaea.
  • 21 Oct 1096
    The 'People's Crusade' is wiped out near Nicaea by a Seljuk army.n
  • 1097
    The First Crusaders arrive at Constantinople.
  • 1097
    The First Crusaders capture Nicaea.
  • 1 Jul 1097
    A Crusader army wins a great victory against a Muslim army at Dorylaion.
  • Mar 1098
    Baldwin of Boulogne takes control of Edessa and the County of Edessa is formed, one of four Crusader-created states in the Levant.
  • 3 Jun 1098
    The First Crusaders capture Antioch after an 8-month siege.
  • 28 Jun 1098
    The Crusaders defeat a large Muslim army sent to recapture Antioch.
  • 7 Jun 1099
    The Crusader army arrives at the walls of Jerusalem, the objective of the First Crusade.
  • 17 Jun 1099
    A small fleet of Genoese and English ships arrives at Jaffa bringing essential supplies for siege weapons to the First Crusaders at Jerusalem.
  • 10 Jul 1099
    Siege towers are built by the First Crusaders to better attack Jerusalem.
  • 15 Jul 1099
    Jerusalem is captured during the First Crusade.
  • 10 Aug 1099
    A Muslim army is sent to recapture Jerusalem but is defeated by the Crusaders at the battle of Ascalon.
  • 17 May 1101
    Caesarea is captured by the Crusaders.
  • 26 May 1101
    Acre is captured by the Crusaders.
  • c. 1130
    Albert of Achen's account of the First Crusade, the 'Jerusalem History", is written based on soldiers accounts.