Emperor of Japan Timeline

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  • 660 BCE - 585 BCE
    Traditional reign dates of Emperor Jimmu, Japan's first emperor.
  • 97 BCE - 30 BCE
    Possible reign dates of Japan's Emperor Sujin.
  • c. 531 CE - 571 CE
    Reign of Emperor Kimmei in Japan.
  • 535 CE - 539 CE
    Reign of Emperor Senka in Japan.
  • 572 CE - 585 CE
    Reign of Emperor Bidatsu in Japan.
  • 587 CE - 592 CE
    Reign of Emperor Sushun in Japan.
  • 592 CE - 628 CE
    Reign of Empress Suiko, Japan's first empress.
  • 594 CE - 622 CE
    Reign of Prince Shotoku as regent for Japanese Empress Suiko.
  • 629 CE - 641 CE
    Reign of Emperor Jomei in Japan.
  • 642 CE - 645 CE
    Reign of Empress Kogyoku in Japan.
  • 645 CE
    Fujiwara no Kamatari leads a coup d'etat in Japan, removing the Soga clan from power.
  • 645 CE - 654 CE
    Reign of Emperor Kotoku in Japan.
  • 661 CE - 671 CE
    Reign of Emperor Tenji in Japan.
  • 671 CE - 672 CE
    The Jinshin Incident in Japan which establishes Temmu as emperor.
  • 671 CE - 672 CE
    Reign of Emperor Kobun in Japan.
  • 672 CE - 686 CE
    Reign of Emperor Temmu in Japan.
  • 686 CE - 697 CE
    Reign of Empress Jito in Japan.
  • 697 CE - 707 CE
    Reign of Emperor Mommu in Japan.
  • 707 CE - 715 CE
    Reign of Empress Gemmei in Japan.
  • 715 CE - 724 CE
    Reign of Empress Gensho in Japan.
  • 724 CE - 749 CE
    Reign of Emperor Shomu in Japan.
  • 740 CE
    A rebellion led by the Fujiwara exile Hirotsugu is quashed by Emperor Shomu.
  • 749 CE - 758 CE
    First reign of Empress Koken in Japan.
  • 758 CE - 764 CE
    Reign of emperor Junnin in Japan.
  • 764 CE - 770 CE
    Second reign of Empress Koken, now known as Shotoku, in Japan.
  • 770 CE - 781 CE
    Reign of Emperor Konin in Japan.
  • 781 CE - 806 CE
    Reign of Emperor Kammu in Japan.
  • 784 CE
    Emperor Kammu moves the Japanese capital from Nara to Nagaokakyo.
  • 794 CE
    Emperor Kammu moves the Japanese capital to Heiankyo (Kyoto).
  • 866 CE
    Fujiwara no Yoshifusa becomes the first Japanese regent not of royal blood.
  • 887 CE - 897 CE
    Reign of Japan's Emperor Uda
  • 897 CE - 930 CE
    Reign of Japan's Emperor Daigo.
  • 1073 CE - 1087 CE
    Reign of Japan's Emperor Shirakawa.
  • 1180 CE - 1185 CE
    The Genpei War in Japan between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
  • 1183 CE - 1198 CE
    Reign of Japan's Emperor Go-Toba.
  • 1185 CE
    Battle of Dannoura where the Minamoto defeat the rival Taira. The young emperor Antoku drowns.
  • 1246 CE - 1259 CE
    Reign of Japan's Emperor Go-Fukakusa.
  • 1259 CE - 1274 CE
    Reign of Japan's Emperor Kameyama.
  • 1337 CE - 1392 CE
    Japan has two competing emperors: the 'Northern and Southern Courts.