David I of Scotland

Definition

David I of Scotland reigned from 1124 to 1153 CE. Taking over from his elder brother Alexander I of Scotland (r. 1107-1124 CE), David continued to consolidate the kingdom of Scotland as a single nation, built castles and monasteries, and created new royal mints. The king was a wily military leader, and he took advantage of the civil wars south of the border following the death of Henry I of England (r. 1100-1135 CE) to repeatedly attack northern England. Consequently, David forged a Scottish kingdom larger than that governed by any of his predecessors. He was succeeded by his young grandson Malcolm IV of Scotland (r. 1153-1165 CE).

More about: David I of Scotland

Timeline

  • c. 1084
    Future David I of Scotland is born.
  • 1093
    Future David I of Scotland is forced into exile in England.
  • 1114
    Future David I of Scotland marries Countess Maud de Senlis and acquires large estates in England.
  • c. 1115 - 1152
    Life of Earl Henry, son of David I of Scotland.
  • 1124 - 1153
    Reign of David I of Scotland.
  • 25 Apr 1124
    David I of Scotland becomes king.
  • 1125
    Malcolm, illegitimate son of Alexander I of Scotland, is defeated in battle by supporters of David I of Scotland.
  • 1130
    Malcolm, illegitimate son of Alexander I of Scotland, is defeated for a second time in battle by supporters of David I of Scotland.
  • 1135 - 1154
    Reign of King Stephen of England (aka Stephen of Blois) with a brief interruption in 1141 CE.
  • 1136
    David I of Scotland invades northern England.
  • 1138
    David I of Scotland invades northern England for a second time.
  • 22 Aug 1138
    King Stephen of England wins a decisive victory against David I of Scotland near Northallerton in Yorkshire at the battle of the Standard.
  • 1149
    Henry of Anjou (future Henry II of England) attacks the north of England with the assistance of David I of Scotland but is defeated by King Stephen of England.
  • c. 1150
    David I of Scotland founds Dunfermline Abbey.
  • 24 May 1153
    Death of David I of Scotland at Carlisle.
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