Cilicia is the ancient Roman name for the southeastern region of Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey). It is referenced in the biblical books of Acts and Galatians, was the birthplace of Saint Paul, and the site of his early evangelical missions. The territory was first inhabited in the Neolithic Period c. 8th millennium BCE.

More about: Cilicia


  • c. 2700 BCE - 2400 BCE
    Hatti and Luwian peoples living in Cilicia.
  • 1700 BCE - c. 1200 BCE
    Hittites control Cilicia.
  • c. 1276 BCE - 1178 BCE
    The Sea Peoples Ravage the Mediterranean including Cilicia.
  • c. 700 BCE - 612 BCE
    The Assyrian Empire holds Cilicia.
  • 547 BCE - 333 BCE
    Cilicia is part of the Persian Empire.
  • 333 BCE - 323 BCE
    Cilicia is a part of Alexander the Great's Empire.
  • c. 323 BCE - c. 103 BCE
    Cilicia divided between Ptolemies and Seleucids.
  • c. 299 BCE
    Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given Cilicia.
  • 103 BCE - c. 476 CE
    Cilicia a province of Rome (Western Roman Empire).
  • c. 476 CE - c. 1453 CE
    Cilicia part of the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire).
  • c. 700 CE
    Cilicia taken in Muslim Invasion.
  • 1080 CE - 1375 CE
    Armenian Kingdom flourishes in Cilicia.