The Balhae (Parhae) kingdom in Manchuria (698-926 CE) was an important regional power which interacted both peacefully and otherwise with its neighbours the Unified Silla Kingdom of Korea and Tang China. The latter was a strong cultural influence, and Japan, too, was a staunch ally. The kingdom claimed to be the cultural successors to the earlier Goguryeo (Koguryo) kingdom of northern Korea and Balhae prospered for two centuries thanks to its rich agricultural lands and thriving trade relations. The kingdom collapsed in the early 10th century CE when it was attacked and conquered by the Mongolian Khitan tribe.

More about: Balhae


  • 668 - 935
    Unified Silla Kingdom in Korea.
  • 698 - 926
    The Balhae kingdom rules in Manchuria and northern Korea.
  • 698 - 719
    Reign of Balhae's founder and first king Dae Joyeong (Tae Choyong).
  • 719 - 737
    Reign of king Mu in the Balhae kingdom.
  • 732
    Balhae attacks by sea the Chinese port of Dengzhou.
  • 755
    Balhae establishes its capital at Sanggyong.
  • 818 - 830
    Balhae enjoys its greatest period of prosperity under Dae Insu (aka King Seong).
  • 818 - 830
    Reign of Balhae king Dae Insu (aka King Seong).
  • 926
    The Mongolian Khitan conquer Balhae.