Baekje (Paekche) was one of the Three Kingdoms which ruled over ancient Korea from the 1st century BCE to the 7th century CE. Controlling territory in the south-western part of the peninsula the kingdom was in constant rivalry with the other two kingdoms of the period: Silla and Goguryeo, and the neighbouring Gaya confederation. The Baekje kingdom was noted for its high culture, many aspects of which it exported to its ally Japan. However, when the Silla joined forces with China's ambitious Tang dynasty, the kingdom of Baekje was crushed and turned into a Chinese province before eventually being incorporated into the Unified Silla Kingdom.

More about: Baekje


  • 57 BCE - 668 CE
    Three Kingdoms Period in Korea (Silla, Goguryeo, and Baekje).
  • 18 BCE
    Traditional founding date of the Baekje kingdom in Korea.
  • 18 BCE - 660 CE
    The Baekje Kingdom rules in western Korea.
  • 234 CE - 286 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Goi in western Korea.
  • 314 CE
    Baekje conquers the Taebang commando in Korea.
  • 346 CE - 375 CE
    Reign of the Baekje king Guenchogo in western Korea.
  • 371 CE
    Baekje conquers the Mahan federation and attacks Pyongyang, killing the Goguryeo king Gogugwon.
  • 375 CE
    The Sogi, a history of the Baekje Kingdom in Korea, is written.
  • 375 CE - 384 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Geungusu in western Korea.
  • 384 CE
    Buddhism is adopted as the state religion by the Baekje kingdom of western Korea.
  • 384 CE - 385 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Chimnyu in western Korea.
  • 433 CE - 553 CE
    Baekje forms an alliance with the Silla kingdom in Korea.
  • 475 CE
    Goguryeo attacks the Baekje kingdom, killing the king Gaero and forcing the abandonment of Hansong, his capital.
  • 475 CE
    A new Baekje capital is established at Ungjin (modern Gongju/Kongju).
  • 479 CE - 501 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Dongseong in western Korea.
  • 501 CE - 523 CE
    The Baekje king Muryeong reigns in western Korea.
  • 523 CE - 554 CE
    Reign of Baekje king Seong in western Korean.
  • 525 CE
    The tomb of King Muryeong of Baekje is built near Gongju, Korea.
  • 538 CE
    A new Baekje capital is established at Sabi (modern Buyeo/Puyo).
  • 554 CE
    The Silla kingdom attacks the Baekje kingdom and occupies the lower Han River valley.
  • 554 CE
    At the battle of Gwansan Fortress (modern Okcheon) the Baekje army is defeated by the Silla and King Seong is killed.
  • 600 CE - 641 CE
    The Baekje king Mu reigns in western Korea.
  • 642 CE
    The Baekje and Goguryeo kingdoms join forces against the Silla and conquer Taeya-song (modern Hapchon).
  • 660 CE
    The Baekje kingdom in Korea falls to a joint Silla and Chinese Tang Dynasty army and naval attack.
  • 663 CE
    A rebel Baekje army is finally crushed by the Silla in Korea, ending the Baekje kingdom.