Assyrian Warfare


Assyria began as a small trading community centered at the ancient city of Ashur and grew to become the greatest empire in the ancient world prior to the conquests of Alexander the Great and, after him, the Roman Empire. While the Assyrians' administrative skills were impressive, and they could be adept at diplomacy when necessary, these were not the means by which the empire grew to rule the ancient world from Egypt in the south, through the Levant and Mesopotamia, and over to Asia Minor; it was their skill in warfare.

More about: Assyrian Warfare


  • 1813 BCE - 1791 BCE
    Reign of Shamashi Adad I who drives out Amorites, secures border of Assyria, makes Ashur capital.
  • c. 1250 BCE
    Shalmaneser I of Assyria conquers the kingdom of Mitanni and defeats its allies.
  • c. 1245 BCE
    Battle of Nihriya: Tukulti-Ninurta I of Assyria defeats Tudahalija IV of the Hittites.
  • 1244 BCE - 1208 BCE
    Reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I, Hittites conquered.
  • c. 1225 BCE
    Tukulti-Ninurta I sacks Babylon.
  • 1115 BCE - 1076 BCE
    Reign of Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria who conquers Phoenicia and revitalizes the empire.
  • 853 BCE
    Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support.
  • 722 BCE - 705 BCE
    Peak of the Assyrian empire under the reign of Sargon II.
  • 722 BCE
    Israel is conquered by Assyria.
  • 701 BCE
    King Sennacherib of Assyria sacks the city of Lachish in Judah but fails to take the capital Jerusalem.
  • c. 676 BCE
    Scythians and Mannaens attack Assyria.
  • 671 BCE
    Egypt is conquered by Assyria.
  • 653 BCE
    Egypt expels Assyrians.
  • 648 BCE
    War between Assyria and the Elamites.
  • 612 BCE
    The great Assyrian cities of Ashur, Kalhu, and Nineveh are sacked and burned by the Medes, Babylonians, and Persian forces.