Ancient Persian Culture Timeline

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  • c. 1500 BCE - c. 1000 BCE
    Zoroaster develops his new vision of religious truth which becomes Zoroastrianism.
  • c. 550 BCE - 651 CE
    Ancient Persian culture flourishes under the Achaemenid, Parthian, and Sassanian empires.
  • c. 550 BCE - 530 BCE
    Under the reign of Cyrus II The Great the qanat system of irrigation is introduced on a large scale as well as the yakhchal refrigeration system.
  • 522 BCE - 486 BCE
    During the reign of Darius I the Great, roads are built, canal constructed in Egypt, postal system originates.
  • 486 BCE - 465 BCE
    Reign of Xerxes I; massive building projects such as Persepolis completed and others begun.
  • 247 BCE - 224 CE
    Parthian Empire continues and modifies aspects of the Persian culture.
  • 224 CE - 651 CE
    Ancient Persian culture reaches its height during the Sassanian Period.
  • 651 CE
    Sassanian Empire falls to the invading Arab Muslims; Persian culture spreads with Arab armies to other regions.