Ali ibn Abi Talib Timeline

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  • 601
    Ali ibn Abi Talib is born in Mecca.
  • 610
    Ali ibn Abi Talib accepts Islam, and becomes one of the first Muslims.
  • 619
    Both, Ali's father Abu Talib, and Prophet Muhammad's first wife Khadija pass away. The year is termed as the year of sorrow.
  • 622
    Ali ibn Abi Talib stays behind during the Prophet Muhammad's hegira (migration to Mecca) to return the possessions of people entrusted to the Prophet.
  • 656 - 661
    Ali ibn Abi Talib succeeds Uthman to become the fourth and final caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 656 - 661
    The murder of Caliph Uthman causes the eruption of the First Fitna (civil war). Muawiya surfaces as a major opposer of the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 656
    The Battle of the Camel.
  • 657
    Battle of Siffin.
  • Jan 657
    Ali ibn Abi Talib moves his empire's capital to Kufa in Iraq.
  • 659
    A peace treaty is signed between the Byzantine Empire and the Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 661
    Caliph Ali is assassinated by the Kharijites.
  • Mar 670
    Hasan ibn Ali, Shia Islam's second imam (his father, Ali ibn Abi Talib, being the first imam), is poisoned to death.
  • Oct 680
    Husayn ibn Ali, Shia Islam's third imam, is beheaded by Yazid I's force at the Battle of Karbala in present-day Iraq.