Abbasid Dynasty Timeline

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  • 747 - 750
    Abbasid Revolution.
  • 750
    Fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • 750
    Start of the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 750
    Death of Imam Ibrahim, the leader of the Abbasid clan - he was succeeded by his brother Abu Abbas.
  • 750 - 754
    Reign of Abu Abbas As-Saffah.
  • 751
    Battle of Talas (Tang-Abbasid war; followed by amiable diplomatic relations).
  • 754 - 775
    Reign of Al-Mansur over the Abbasid Caliphate.
  • 755
    Death of Abu Muslim, the mastermind of the Abbasid revolution.
  • 756
    Abd al-Rahman I establishes the Emirate of Cordoba.
  • 756 - 788
    Reign of Abd al-Rahman I over the Emirate of Cordoba.
  • 775 - 785
    Reign of al-Mahdi.
  • 785 - 786
    The reign of al-Hadi.
  • 786 - 809
    The reign of Harun al-Rashid.
  • 800 - 909
    Aghlabids given autonomy over Ifriqya and western half of Sicily.
  • 806
    Harun al-Rashid's famous invasion into Byzantine territories.
  • 809 - 813
    Reign of al-Amin.
  • 813 - 833
    Reign of al-Ma'mun.
  • 833 - 842
    Reign of al-Mu'tasim.
  • 842 - 847
    Reign of al-Wathik.
  • 847 - 861
    Reign of al-Mutawakkil.
  • 861
    Al-Mutawakkil is killed in a palace coup instigated by his Turkish bodyguards.
  • 861 - 862
    Reign of al-Muntasir.
  • 909
    Fatimids overthrow the Aghlabids in Ifriqya.
  • 909 - 1171
    Fatimids rule as an anti-Caliphate to the Abbasids.
  • 945
    Buyids take possession of Baghdad.
  • 1055
    Seljuks oust the Buyids and take control of Baghdad.
  • 1092 - 1135
    Reign of al-Mustarshid; revival of military strength begins.
  • 1135
    Al-Mustarshid is killed by the Seljuks.
  • 1136 - 1160
    Reign of al-Muktafi; revival of military strength is completed.
  • 1157
    Seljuks besiege Baghdad but are unable to penetrate it.
  • 1171
    Saladin abolishes the Fatimid Caliphate.
  • 1174 - 1193
    Reign of Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.
  • 1225
    Death of al-Nasir, the last able Abbasid ruler.
  • 1250 - 1517
    Mamluk Sultanate.
  • 1258
    The Mongols conquer the Abbasid Caliphate. During this campaign there is the infamous sacking of Baghdad and murder of the caliph.
  • 1260
    Battle of Ain Jalut; Mongol advance to the heartland of Islam is halted.
  • 1261 - 1517
    Abbasid "shadow caliphs" are kept in Cairo by their Mamluk overlords.
  • 1517
    Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Sultanate conquers the Mamluk Sultanate and transfers the caliphal title to his lineage.