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Lighthouse of Alexandria
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Lighthouse of Alexandria

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was built on the island of Pharos outside the harbour of Alexandria, Egypt c. 300 - 280 BCE, during the reigns of Ptolemy I and II. With a height of over 100 metres (330 ft), the lighthouse was so impressive that...
Alexandria, Egypt
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Alexandria, Egypt

Alexandria is a port city on the Mediterranean Sea in northern Egypt founded in 331 BCE by Alexander the Great. It was the site of the Pharos (lighthouse), one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, and the legendary Library of Alexandria...
Lighthouse of Alexandria, Reconstructed
Image by NeoMam Studios

Lighthouse of Alexandria, Reconstructed

The Lighthouse of Alexandria was the first of its kind, created in 280 BCE. The lighthouse used a mirror to reflect the light up to 35 miles out to sea. By day, it used the light of the sun, by night it used a massive fire. It is one of the...
The Seven Wonders
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

The Seven Wonders

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were seven impressive structures famously listed by ancient writers including Philo of Byzantium, Antipater of Sidon, Diodorus Siculus, Herodotus, Strabo, and Callimachus of Cyrene, among others. The...
What happened to the Great Library at Alexandria?
Article by Brian Haughton

What happened to the Great Library at Alexandria?

Once the largest library in the ancient world, and containing works by the greatest thinkers and writers of antiquity, including Homer, Plato, Socrates and many more, the Library of Alexandria, northern Egypt, is popularly believed to have...
Library of Alexandria
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Library of Alexandria

The Library of Alexandria was established under the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt (323-30 BCE) and flourished under the patronage of the early kings to become the most famous library of the ancient world, attracting scholars from around the...
Hypatia of Alexandria
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Hypatia of Alexandria

Hypatia of Alexandria (c. 370 - March 415) was a female philosopher and mathematician, born in Alexandria, Egypt possibly in 370 (although some scholars cite her birth as c. 350). Little is known of her life but her dramatic death at the...
Lighthouse of Alexandria Illustration
Image by Prof. H. Thiersch

Lighthouse of Alexandria Illustration

A drawing of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, also known as Pharos, by German archaeologist Prof. H. Thiersch (1909).
Lighthouse of Alexandria [Artist's Impression]
Image by Ubisoft Entertainment SA

Lighthouse of Alexandria [Artist's Impression]

An artist's impression of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, built c. 300 - c. 280 BCE and one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. (From the computer game Assassin's Creed Origins)
A Weekend in Alexandria, Egypt
Article by Joshua J. Mark

A Weekend in Alexandria, Egypt

Visiting Alexandria, Egypt, once the greatest cultural center of the ancient world, rivaling Athens, Greece, is an unforgettable experience. The food, the wonderful people, and the history at every turn of a street are all dazzling but, if...
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