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Ancient Jordan
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Jordan

Jordan is a country in the Near East bordered by Israel, Syria, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia which was part of the Land of Canaan in ancient times. The country is named for the River Jordan which flows between modern-day Jordan and Israel and whose...
Jerash
Definitionby James Blake Wiener

Jerash

Jerash (aka Gerasa, Gerash or Gerasha) is the capital and the largest city of the Jerash Governorate in Jordan, but in ancient times it was one of the wealthiest and most cosmopolitan cities in the ancient Near East. Settled by humans as...
Mavia
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Mavia

Mavia (r. c. 375-c. 425 CE) was a warrior-queen of the semi-nomadic Tanukhid Arab tribe of Syria and Jordan who led a successful insurrection against Rome in 378 CE. She is also known as Maowiva, Mu`awiya, Mauia, Mania, and Mawiyya. Her control...
Kingdom of Nabatea
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Kingdom of Nabatea

The Nabatean Kingdom was a powerful political entity which flourished in the region of modern-day Jordan between the 4th century BCE and c. 106 CE and is best known today for the ruins of its capital city of Petra. Although it is clear that...
Safaitic Inscription from Jordan
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Safaitic Inscription from Jordan

Nomadic people left tens of thousands of inscribed rocks, like this one, across Jordan desserts, written in Safaitic, an Arabian dialect. This rock playfully shows a woman playing the flute. The inscription reads "By Aqraban, son of Kasit...
Stamped Rhodesian Amphora Handle from Jordan
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Stamped Rhodesian Amphora Handle from Jordan

Stamps on pottery vessels may refer to the makers or owners. They may also be trademarks that record capacity or content. The handles of amphorae from the Mediterranean island of Rhodes carried stamps indicating the quality of their contents...
Mycenaean Pottery Vessels from Jordan
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Mycenaean Pottery Vessels from Jordan

The term "Mycenaean" is derived from the site of Mycenae; it refers to the culture of Greece during the Middle and Late Bronze Ages. Mycenaean imports greatly increased around 1400 BCE and were mostly stirrup vessels, pyxides, and piriform...
Black Pottery Juglet from Jordan
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Black Pottery Juglet from Jordan

These distinctive small juglets belong to the "Tell el-Yahudiyeh Ware", named after the Egyptian site where they were first discovered, although this type of ware was produced elsewhere. The juglets are of a dark color, burnished black or...
Dolmens from Jordan
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Dolmens from Jordan

These dolmens (which date back to the Early Bronze Age, c. 3600 BCE) were brought from the Damiya Field in the Jordan Valley to protect them from modern development in their original site. Conserved and on display at the Jordan Museum, Amman...
West Church, Umm el-Jimal (Jordan)
Imageby Michael Gunther

West Church, Umm el-Jimal (Jordan)

Ruins of the West Church found at the village of Umm el-Jimal in the north of Jordan, which was occupied between the 1st century CE (by the Nabateans) and the 9th century CE (during the Abbasid period). Inscriptions made by Tanukhid Arabs...
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