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Eucratid
Definitionby Antoine Simonin

Eucratid

The Eucratids were a Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek dynasty of approximately 12 kings, lasting between c.171 BC and 80-70 BC, according to numismatic evidence. The numismatic emblem which characterized it were the palm and the Dioscuri (Castor...
Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides
Articleby Antoine Simonin

Ai Khanum, the Capital of Eucratides

Ai Khanum (also spelled Ai-Khanoum or Ay-Khanum, lit. “Lady Moon” in Uzbek), was founded in the 4th century BC, following the conquests of Alexander the Great and was one of the primary cities of the Greco-Bactrian kingdom...
Cybele Plate
Imageby MuseƩ Guimet

Cybele Plate

Plate found at Ai Khanum, in a temple, depicting Cybele, a votive sacrifice and the sun God. 2nd century BCE. (MuseƩ Guimet, Paris)
Plan of Ai Khanum
Imageby Claude Rapin

Plan of Ai Khanum

Plan of Ai Khanum as it was excavated by the D.A.F.A until 1978
Indo-Greek
Definitionby Antoine Simonin

Indo-Greek

The first Indo-Greek kingdom appeared circa 190 BCE may when the Greco-Bactrian king or (general for his father) Demetrios was busy in India, when his Indian possessions were divided between several kings, probably firstly in order to better...
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Definitionby Antoine Simonin

Greco-Bactrian Kingdom

The Greco-Bactrian kingdom refers to several dynasties and probably kingdoms of Greco-Macedonian monarchs who ruled over Bactria from 250 to 130 BCE. Foundation The Greco-Bactrian kingdom appeared in 250 BCE, when the satrap Diodotos...
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Definitionby Antoine Simonin

Euthydemid

The Euthydemids were a Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek dynasty of approximately 25 kings, named after its founder Euthydemos. The dynasty lasted between circa 230 BC and 10 BC, according to numismatic evidence. The numismatic emblems which...