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Cuneiform
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Cuneiform

Cuneiform is a system of writing first developed by the ancient Sumerians of Mesopotamia c. 3500 BCE. It is considered the most significant among the many cultural contributions of the Sumerians and the greatest among those of the Sumerian...
Cuneiform Lexical Lists
Article by William Brown

Cuneiform Lexical Lists

Lexical lists are compilations of cuneiform signs and word readings written on clay tablets throughout Mesopotamia. From the late 4th millennium BCE up to the 1st century CE, scribal communities copied, modified, and passed on these cuneiform...
Mesopotamia
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia (from the Greek, meaning 'between two rivers') was an ancient region located in the eastern Mediterranean bounded in the northeast by the Zagros Mountains and in the southeast by the Arabian Plateau, corresponding to modern-day...
Writing
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Writing

Writing is the physical manifestation of a spoken language. It is thought that human beings developed language c. 35,000 BCE as evidenced by cave paintings from the period of the Cro-Magnon Man (c. 50,000-30,000 BCE) which appear to express...
Cuneiform Writing
Image by Jan van der Crabben

Cuneiform Writing

A relief of cuneiform writing from Assyria. Exhibited in the British Museum London.
Cuneiform, Gold Earring from Ur III
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Cuneiform, Gold Earring from Ur III

This is the upper surface of the earring. Note how the cuneiform signs were carved and distributed and their distance from the center. The cuneiform text is read vertically, from the upper surface downwards on each segment, and it continues...
Cuneiform: The Earliest Form of Writing from Ancient Mesopotamia
Video by Kelly Macquire

Cuneiform: The Earliest Form of Writing from Ancient Mesopotamia

Cuneiform is a writing system or script which was developed by the ancient Sumerians in Mesopotamia between 3500 and 3000 BCE. It is the earliest form of writing in the world and is thought to have developed so people could communicate long-distance...
Cuneiform Synonyms List
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Cuneiform Synonyms List

Occasionally, cuneiform text scribes encounter difficult or rare words. The list on this clay tablet explain such words. From the library of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh (modern-day Ninawa Governorate, Iraq), northern Mesopotamia. Neo-Assyrian...
Cuneiform Inscribed Well Curb
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Cuneiform Inscribed Well Curb

A stone ring of a well curb with cuneiform inscriptions which mention the name of the king Shu-Sin of Ur. Ur III, 2030 BCE. From southern Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The Pergamon Museum).
Cuneiform Tablets in Sumerian
Image by David Morgan-Mar

Cuneiform Tablets in Sumerian

Carved stone cuneiform tablets in Sumerian. Left: Temple of Ningirsu, Girsu. Right: Temple of Nindara, Ur. Dating around 2141-2122 BCE.
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