Dead Sea Scrolls Jars


Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 30 March 2018
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The Dead Sea Scrolls, or Qumran Caves Scrolls, are parchment and papyrus scrolls that were found rolled-up inside special jars with tight-fitting covers, which helped preserve them. The jars were locally made in the Dead Sea area. The Dead Sea Scrolls are ancient Jewish religious manuscripts. The majority were written in Hebrew script on leather or papyrus; however, many were written in Aramaic, Greek, and Nabatean-Aramaic. They were rolled-up and stored in specific jars with tight-fitting covers. When initially found, they were either scrolls or fragments of manuscripts or texts of previous complete scrolls; some of them were torn into thousands of fragments. Cave 4 originally contained about three-quarters of the scrolls. The precise dating of the scrolls is unknown; scholars give the range of 408 BCE to 318 CE. From Qumran (Khirbet Qumran or Wadi Qumran), West Bank of the Jordan River, near the north part of the Dead Sea, modern-day State of Israel. (The Jordan Museum, Amman, Jordan Hashemite Kingdom).

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2018, March 30). Dead Sea Scrolls Jars. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Dead Sea Scrolls Jars." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified March 30, 2018.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Dead Sea Scrolls Jars." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 30 Mar 2018. Web. 21 Oct 2021.