Assyrian Ugallu


Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 23 August 2017
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This gypsum wall relief depicts a standing lion-headed man holding a dagger, looking to the right. This is "the Great Lion" or "Ugallu". Layard found it in two fragments, among the so-called "Gallery XLIX (O); the long gallery" at the South-West Palace of Nineveh (Kouyunjik).

Layard, to describe this wall panel, stated that "Amongst the scattered fragments was the figure of a lion-headed man raising a sword which does not appear to have belonged to this gallery, unless it had been used to break the monotony of one long line of elaborate bas-reliefs representing nearly the same subject. Similar figures only occur at entrances in the ruins of Kouyunjik".

Neo-Assyrian Period, reign of Sennacherib, 700-692 BCE. From Mesopotamia, modern-day Iraq. (The British Museum, London)

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2017, August 23). Assyrian Ugallu. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Assyrian Ugallu." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified August 23, 2017.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Assyrian Ugallu." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 23 Aug 2017. Web. 20 Oct 2021.