Doorway, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 23 January 2018

The square doorway at the façade of the rock-cut tombs of Ashkawt-i Qizqapan (Kurdish: The Cave of the Ravisher or the Cave of the Raped/Abducted Girl) leading to the central burial chamber (shown). The square entrance to the central chamber was probably sealed by a door; no trace of this door is present. This rectangular coffin was carved into the rocky floor, which was hollowed out. Probably the coffin was covered by a stone lid at the upper rim. The length of the coffin is short for an outstretched adult body; therefore, this type of coffin appears to be an “astodana”. This central chamber leads, through square doorways, to the right and left (shown) burial chambers. Median-Achaemenid Period, 600-330 BCE. Near Zarzi village and the Palaeolithic cave of Zarzi, Chemi Rezan Valley, Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan.

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2018, January 23). Doorway, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Doorway, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 23, 2018.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Doorway, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 23 Jan 2018. Web. 07 Feb 2023.