Capital, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan

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Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
published on 23 January 2018
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Detail showing the capital of the left-sided engaged column at the façade of the rock-cut tombs of Ashkawt-I Qizqapan (Kurdish: The Cave of the Ravisher or the Cave of the Raped/Abducted Girl). The capital is of an ionic-style and is composed of two relatively large volutes flanking a central plant or flower; the latter is composed of straight and volute-shaped leaves or petals. A pair of flowering branches or honeysuckles sits on the inner part of the volutes. The outer half of the left volute was lost and was replaced by a modern gypsum one. The abacus shows the classical “egg-and-dart” motif. The capital sits on a narrow neck. The shaft of the column does not show any flutes/fillets. Median-Achaemenid Period, 600-330 BCE. Near Zarzi village and the Palaeolithic cave of Zarzi, Chemi Rezan Valley, Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraqi Kurdistan.

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About the Author

Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin
Associate Professor of Neurology and lover of the Cradle of Civilization, Mesopotamia. I'm very interested in Mesopotamian history and always try to take photos of archaeological sites and artifacts in museums, both in Iraq and around the world.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Amin, O. S. M. (2018, January 23). Capital, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Capital, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 23, 2018.

MLA Style

Amin, Osama Shukir Muhammed. "Capital, Rock-Cut Tombs of Qizqapan." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 23 Jan 2018. Web. 02 Dec 2021.