The Alaverdi Gospels

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James Blake Wiener
published on 18 December 2017

One of the most magnificent gospels in the Georgian language is undoubtedly the Alaverdi Gospels, which was completed in 1054 CE. It is the only Georgian manuscript to contain a mandylion, an impression of the face of the Savior on a shroud. Made of leather and metal, the cover is decorated with a painted icon of Jesus Christ, which was later inserted into a silver-chased frame featuring previous stones and cloisonné enamel images of St. George. (Those were created in the 11-12th century CE.) Holy objects were kept in the sockets on the cover. The cover dates from the late Middle Ages. (Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi)

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About the Author

James Blake Wiener
James is a writer and former Professor of History. He holds an MA in World History with a particular interest in cross-cultural exchange and world history. He is a co-founder of World History Encyclopedia and formerly was its Communications Director.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Wiener, J. B. (2017, December 18). The Alaverdi Gospels. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Wiener, James Blake. "The Alaverdi Gospels." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified December 18, 2017.

MLA Style

Wiener, James Blake. "The Alaverdi Gospels." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 18 Dec 2017. Web. 26 Mar 2023.