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Battle of Issus
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Battle of Issus

The Battle of Issus, on 5 November 333 BCE, was Alexander the Great's second battle against the Persian army and the first direct engagement with King Darius III, near the village of Issus in southern modern-day Turkey. It was a major victory...
Battle of the Granicus
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Battle of the Granicus

The Battle of the Granicus in May 334 BCE was Alexander the Great's (356-323 BCE) first major victory against the forces of the Achaemenid Empire. Alexander had crossed the Hellespont with his combined Macedonian and Greek forces and stepped...
The Battle of Issus - The Decisive Moment
Imageby Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - The Decisive Moment

The Battle of Issus, the decisive moment.
The Battle of Issus - Initial Dispositions
Imageby Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - Initial Dispositions

The Battle of Issus, Initial dispositions.
The Battle of Issus - Movements to the Battlefield
Imageby Frank Martini. Cartographer, Department of History, United States Military Academy

The Battle of Issus - Movements to the Battlefield

The Battle of Issus, Movements to the battlefield.
Warfare
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Warfare

Warfare is generally understood to be the controlled and systematic waging of armed conflict between sovereign nations or states, using military might and strategy, until one opponent is defeated on the field or sues for peace in the face...
Battle of Gaugamela
Definitionby Donald L. Wasson

Battle of Gaugamela

The Battle of Gaugamela (1st October 331 BCE, also known as the Battle of Arbela) was the final meeting between Alexander the Great of Macedon and King Darius III of Persia. After this victory, Alexander was, without question, the King of...
Alexander the Great and Hellenization in the 4th Century BCE
Videoby Ancient History Encyclopedia

Alexander the Great and Hellenization in the 4th Century BCE

Alexander the Great was the son of Philip II of Macedon and the man who started the hellenistic era during the 4th century BCE. After inheriting the Macedonian Empire when Philip II died, Alexander the Great extended it into the largest empire...
Alexander the Great & Bucephalus Mosaic
Imageby Ruthven

Alexander the Great & Bucephalus Mosaic

Detail of the Alexander Mosaic, representing Alexander the Great on his horse Bucephalus, during the battle of Issus.
Map of Alexander the Great's Conquests
Imageby US Military Academy

Map of Alexander the Great's Conquests

A map showing the route that Alexander the Great took to conquer Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, and Bactria.