Temple of Poseidon at Sounion

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$2899 / $18000


Jan van der Crabben
by Frank van Mierlo
published on 26 April 2012
Temple of Poseidon at Sounion Download Full Size Image

The temple of Poseidon was constructed in approx. 440 B.C., over the ruins of a temple dating from the Archaic Period. It is perched above the sea at a height of almost 70 m. The design of the temple is a typical hexastyle i.e. it had a front portico with 6 columns. Only some columns of the Sounion temple stand today, but intact it would have closely resembled the contemporary and well-preserved Temple of Hephaestus beneath the Acropolis, which may have been designed by the same architect.

As with many Greek temples, the Poseidon building was rectangular, with a colonnade on all four sides. The total number of original columns was 36: 18 columns still stand today. The columns are of the Doric Order. They were made of locally-quarried white marble. They were 6.10 m (20 ft) high, with a diameter of 1 m (3.1 ft) at the base and 79cm (31 inches) at the top.

Remove Ads

Cite This Work

APA Style

Mierlo, F. v. (2012, April 26). Temple of Poseidon at Sounion. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/image/250/temple-of-poseidon-at-sounion/

Chicago Style

Mierlo, Frank van. "Temple of Poseidon at Sounion." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 26, 2012. https://www.worldhistory.org/image/250/temple-of-poseidon-at-sounion/.

MLA Style

Mierlo, Frank van. "Temple of Poseidon at Sounion." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 26 Apr 2012. Web. 19 Jul 2024.