This is a detail of the so-called "Bal'am Text" (also Balaam Inscription) which was discovered in 1967 CE at Tell Deir Alla, in modern-day Balqa Governorate, Jordan. It was written in around 800 BCE. It was written in black and red ink on wall plaster. The text displays linguistic features that can be assigned to Aramaic, Canaanite, Ammonite, and other sub-groups in the North-West Semitic family. The dominant character, however, is in Aramaic, and this text is the longest known Aramaic evidence in the Southern Levant.
Although the text does not mention any specific historical personalities or events, it is still historically and religiously important. "The main figure, Bal'am Bin Ba'our, conveys a prophecy of misery on his people, as a punishment for disobeying the gods". Balam (or Balaam) is also mentioned in the Old Testament by the same name, but the historical context of the biblical narrative is centuries earlier. The text also mentions a number of deities, such as "El" (the supreme god), "Shagar" (a fertility god), the council of the gods, and "Shaddayyin". Additionally, this text is the earliest reference to the role of "seer" in the North-West Semitic literature, although earlier Mesopotamian documents and the Old Testament mention them.
The discovery of this text at a place close to where the conflict between the Israelites and the Moabites supposedly happened indicates that the story of this seer was part of a local tradition. (The Jordan Museum, Amman, Jordan).