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Moses
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Moses

Moses (c. 1400 BCE) is considered one of the most important religious leaders in world history. He is claimed by the religions of Judaism, Christianity, Islam and Bahai as an important prophet of God and the founder of monotheistic belief...
Assyrian Warfare
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Assyrian Warfare

Assyria began as a small trading community centered at the ancient city of Ashur and grew to become the greatest empire in the ancient world prior to the conquests of Alexander the Great and, after him, the Roman Empire. While the Assyrians'...
Birth of Sargon of Akkad
Image by Jastrow

Birth of Sargon of Akkad

Clay tablet with the birth of Sargon of Akkad and his argument with the king of Kish, late 3rd millennium BCE, now in the Louvre, Paris
Sargon II Basalt Stele
Image by Ronnie Jones III

Sargon II Basalt Stele

This embossed human head stele is believed to be Sargon II (reigned 722-705 BCE) "who was one of the most important kings of the Neo-Assyrian Empire as founder of the Sargonid Dynasty." He is the father of Sennacherib (reigned 705-681 BCE...
Inscription of the Birth of King Sargon of Akkad
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Inscription of the Birth of King Sargon of Akkad

This fragment of a clay tablet narrates in 17 lines of cuneiform inscription the origin of Sargon and recounts how as a baby he was found in a basket floating in a river. Sargon reigned from 2334-2279 BCE. From the library of Ashurbanipal...
Truths Wrapped in Fiction: Mesopotamian Naru Literature
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Truths Wrapped in Fiction: Mesopotamian Naru Literature

Originality in literary compositions in the ancient world did not carry the same weight and value as it does today. In recent centuries, authors have been applauded for the creation of original works and have been derided for plagiarism or...
Sargon II and Sennacherib
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sargon II and Sennacherib

In this gypsum wall relief, the Assyrian king Sargon II, who holds a long staff, greets a high official (who still holds a sword at his side), in very close proximity, almost touching him. This official is probably his son, Sennacherib, the...
Sargon II and Turtanu
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sargon II and Turtanu

This almost 3 meters high alabaster bas-relief depicts the Assyrian king Sargon II (left; wearing the typical conical hat). Recognizable by the long sword hanging on his side, diadem, long curly beard, and the elegant dress, a figure greets...
Sargon II, Khorsabad
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Sargon II, Khorsabad

Detail of a gypsum wall relief showing the Assyrian King Sargon II. Neo-Assyrian Period, 710-705 BCE. From the palace of Sargon II at Khorsabad, Mesopotamia, Modern-day Iraq. (The British Museum, London).
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Neo-Assyrian Empire

The Neo-Assyrian Empire (912-612 BCE) was the final stage of the Assyrian Empire, stretching throughout Mesopotamia, the Levant, Egypt, Anatolia, and into parts of Persia and Arabia. Beginning with the reign of Adad Nirari II (912-891 BCE...
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