Bjorn Ironside (also spelt Björn Ironside; Old Norse Bjǫrn Járnsíða) is a legendary Viking who in the stories surrounding him raids alongside his brothers and his father, the Viking chieftain Ragnar Lothbrok. While the legends mentioning...
Charlemagne (Charles the Great, also known as Charles I, l. 742-814) was King of the Franks (r. 768-814), King of the Franks and Lombards (r. 774-814), and Holy Roman Emperor (r. 800-814). He is among the best-known and most influential figures...
Viking warfare, along with its key component of raiding, is inextricably connected with the expansion of Scandinavian influence along the North Atlantic and into the Mediterranean in the Viking Age (c. 790-1100 CE), where the Vikings' heavy...
Storming of the Bastille
The Storming of the Bastille was a decisive moment in the early months of the French Revolution (1789-1799). On 14 July 1789, the Bastille, a fortress and political prison symbolizing the oppressiveness of France’s Ancien Régime was attacked...
Coronation of Henry VI of England in Paris
A 15th century CE illustration of the coronation of Henry VI of England as the king of France (Henry II) in Notre-Dame de Paris on 16 December 1431 CE. From the 'Chroniques d'Angleterre' by Jean de Wavrin. (National Library of France, Paris...
Odo & the Siege of Paris
A painting by Jean-Victor Schnetz (1787–1870) of Odo of Paris defending Paris during the siege by the Vikings in 885 CE (Palace of Versailles, France)
Mosaic of the Judgement of Paris
A Roman floor mosaic depicting the judgement of Paris, Antioch, Syria. 115-150 CE. (Louvre, Paris)
Camille Pissarro (1830-1903) was an impressionist painter based in France who focussed on landscapes but frequently changed his style and subjects. He was an instrumental figure in the new art movement of the 19th century, organising independent...
Claude Monet (1840-1926) was a French impressionist painter who transformed modern art with his emphasis on light brushstrokes, bright colours, and uncluttered nature. Famed for his landscapes and series of paintings that captured the same...
Notre-Dame Cathedral (Paris), West Façade
Like most Gothic cathedrals, the west façade of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris is tri-portaled, meaning it has three entranceways. Above each door is an elaborately carved tympanum depicting a story through sculpture, an accessible...