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The Extent of the Roman Empire
Articleby Donald L. Wasson

The Extent of the Roman Empire

Time has seen the rise and fall of a number of great empires - the Babylonian, the Assyrian, the Egyptian, and lastly, the Persian. Regardless of the size or skill of their army or the capabilities of their leaders, all of these empires...
Battle of Alesia
Articleby Donald L. Wasson

Battle of Alesia

The Battle of Alesia was a decisive Roman victory in Julius Caesar's Gallic Wars in September 52 BCE. Roman commander Julius Caesar (100-44 BCE) and his legions faced a united Gallic army under the command of Vercingetorix (82-46 BCE), chief...
Interrelations of Kerma and Pharaonic Egypt
Articleby P. Joseph D.

Interrelations of Kerma and Pharaonic Egypt

The vacillating nature of Ancient Egypt's associations with the Kingdom of Kerma may be described as one of expansion and contraction; a virtual tug-of-war between rival cultures. Structural changes in Egypt's administration led to alternating...
Elephants in Hellenistic History & Art
Articleby Branko van Oppen

Elephants in Hellenistic History & Art

Elephants were thought of as fierce and frightful monsters in antiquity, very real though rarely seen until the Hellenistic period. They were deployed on the battlefield to strike terror into the enemy, however, since fear was considered...
Julius Caesar: The Faults Behind the Myth
Articleby Marc Hyden

Julius Caesar: The Faults Behind the Myth

Last March marked the anniversary of Julius Caesar's assassination over 2,000 years ago, and after two millennia, his legendary achievements still linger in today's consciousness just as they have for centuries. He was so revered that in...
Roman Republic at the Beginning of Caesar's Civil War
Imageby Stone Chen

Roman Republic at the Beginning of Caesar's Civil War

This map depicts the territories under Julius Caesar and Roman Senate in the wake of the outbreak of Caesar's Civil War in 49 BCE in the Roman Republic. Caesar crossed the Rubicon and marched on Rome while Pompey, supported by the Senate...
Total War History: Battle of Cannae (Part 1/5)
Videoby THFE Productions

Total War History: Battle of Cannae (Part 1/5)

In 216 BC, at Cannae, the genius of Hannibal Barca was matched against the raw power of Rome's legions. 120,000 men would take part in this colossal clash of titans and make it one of the most studied and emulated battles of antiquity. We...