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Plutus (Play)
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Plutus (Play)

Plutus (aka Wealth) is a play written by the great Greek comedy playwright Aristophanes in 388 BCE. It was the last of his plays to be performed during his lifetime. Like his earlier play Ecclesiazusae (The Assemblywomen), Wealth was written...
Aristophanes
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Aristophanes

Aristophanes (c. 460 - c. 380 BCE) was the most famous writer of Old Comedy plays in ancient Greece and his surviving works are the only examples of that style. His innovative and sometimes rough comedy could also hide more sophisticated...
Ecclesiazusae
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Ecclesiazusae

The Ecclesiazusae (aka Assemblywomen) is a comedy play written by Aristophanes, one of the great Greek comic playwrights. Written sometime between 393 and 391 BCE, it is, along with his play Wealth, one of only two he wrote after the Athenian...
Tyche & Plutus
Image by Giovanni Dall'Orto

Tyche & Plutus

Polychrome marble statue depicting the goddess Tyche holding the infant Plutus in her arms, 2nd century CE. Istanbul Archaeological Museum.
Ancient Greek Comedy
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Ancient Greek Comedy

Ancient Greek comedy was a popular and influential form of theatre performed across ancient Greece from the 6th century BCE. The most famous playwrights of the genre were Aristophanes and Menander and their works and those of their contemporaries...
Comedy & Tragedy: the Drama of Greek Theatre
Collection by Mark Cartwright

Comedy & Tragedy: the Drama of Greek Theatre

Greek theatre likely sprang from the lyrical performance of ancient epic poetry and the rituals performed in the worship of the god Dionysos where goats were sacrificed and participants wore masks. From the 6th century BCE, Greek tragedy...
Theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus, Athens
Image by Mark Cartwright

Theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus, Athens

The 4th century stone version of the Theatre of Dionysos Eleuthereus, on the slopes of the acropolis of Athens. The theatre was orginally constructed in the 6th century BCE.
Eirene and Ploutos
Image by Jan van der Crabben

Eirene and Ploutos

Eirene, goddess of peace, and her baby son Ploutos, god of wealth. Copy of a statue by Cephisodotus, originally placed in the marketplace of Athens, c. 370 BCE. Photographed in the Glyptothek in Munich.
Demeter
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Demeter

Demeter was one of the oldest gods in the ancient Greek pantheon. Demeter was a goddess of agriculture and guaranteed the fertility of the earth. She protected both farming and vegetation. The close connection with the earth was inherited...
Ceres
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Ceres

Ceres is the goddess of agriculture and the harvest in Roman mythology. Her favor would bring humankind plentiful harvests and fruitful crops, but her wrath brought blight, drought, and famine. Usually depicted as a matron, her symbols included...
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