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The Cyrus Cylinder
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

The Cyrus Cylinder

This clay tablet dates back to the reign of the Achaemenid king Cyrus the Great, who ruled Iran between 550-530 BCE. The cylinder describes the king's peaceful capture of the city of Babylon in the year 539 BCE and he how built the main temple...
Achaemenid Kings List & Commentary
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

Achaemenid Kings List & Commentary

The Achaemenid Empire (c. 550-330 BCE) was the first great Persian political entity in Western and Central Asia which stretched, at its peak, from Asia Minor to the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia through Egypt. It was founded by Cyrus II (the...
Ancient Persian Culture
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Persian Culture

Ancient Persian culture flourished between the reign of Cyrus II (The Great, r. c. 550-530 BCE), founder of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, and the fall of the Sassanian Empire in 651 CE. Even so, the foundations of Persian culture were already...
Pasargadae
Definitionby Livius

Pasargadae

Pasargadae was one of the oldest residences of the Achaemenid kings, founded by Cyrus the Great (r.559-530). It resembled a park of 2x3 km in which several monumental buildings were to be seen. According to the Roman geographer Strabo of...
Additional Fragments of the Cyrus Cylinder Text
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Additional Fragments of the Cyrus Cylinder Text

These 2 small fragments once belonged to a large clay tablet inscribed with a duplicate of the Cyrus Cylinder text. They were identified among The British Museum extensive collections of clay tablets in December 2009 and January 2010. The...
Cyrus the Great
Imageby Siamax

Cyrus the Great

Cyrus the Great (d. 530 BCE) in a detail of a modern copy from a 6th century BCE bas-relief at Pasargadae inscribed "I am Cyrus the king, an Achaemenian". (Olympic Park, Sydney)
Cyrus Cylinder
Imageby kourosh e kabir

Cyrus Cylinder

The Cyrus Cylinder, dating from 539 BC. This document is a propaganda one of Cyrus II in order to show his legitimacy to rule in Babylonia.
A new beginning for the Middle East: The Cyrus Cylinder and Ancient Persia
Videoby The British Museum

A new beginning for the Middle East: The Cyrus Cylinder and Ancient Persia

The Cyrus Cylinder is one of the most famous objects to have survived from the ancient world. It was inscribed in Babylonian cuneiform on the orders of Persian King Cyrus the Great (559-530 BC) after he captured Babylon in 539 BC. The...
Cyrus the Great (Artist's Impression)
Imageby Mohawk Games

Cyrus the Great (Artist's Impression)

King Cyrus the Great (d. 530 BCE) of the Achaemenid Empire depicted in the game Old World.
Croesus
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Croesus

Croesus (r. 560-546 BCE) was the King of Lydia, a region in western Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey) and was so wealthy that the expression "as rich as Croesus" originates in reference to him. Best known for his wealth, he is also famous for...
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