Battle of Manzikert
The Battle of Manzikert (Mantzikert) in ancient Armenia in August 1071 CE was one of the greatest defeats suffered by the Byzantine Empire. The victorious Seljuk army captured the Byzantine emperor Romanos IV Diogenes, and, with the empire...
The First Christian Missionaries
According to Luke's Acts of the Apostles, the last thing Jesus did before he bodily ascended to heaven was to commission the disciples to 'witness' to his teachings. 'Disciple' meant 'student' and was derived from the various schools of philosophy...
The Silk Road
This map indicates trading routes used around the 1st century CE centred on the Silk Road. The routes remain largely valid for the period 500 BCE to 500 CE. Geographical labels for regions are adapted from the Geography of Ptolemy (c...
Dialouges of Plato
The 'Clarke Plato', the oldest manuscript (discounting papyrus fragments) for about half the dialogues of Plato, was written by John the Calligrapher in 895 CE for Arethas the deacon, originally a native of Patras, who later became archbishop...
Icon of Saint Basil
This icon from the 11th century CE depicts Saint Basil (also known as Basil the Great and Basil of Caesarea), who lived c. 330 CE to 379 CE. Located in St. Sophia Cathedral, Kiev.
Juba II & Ptolemy of Mauretania
Coin from the co-regency of Juba II (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) and Ptolemy of Mauretania (c. 10 BCE - c. 40 CE). Left; Juba II, Right; Ptolemy of Mauretania. Silver Denarius, minted c. 20-24 CE. Minted in Caesarea, Mauretania (near modern day...
Crocodile Denarius of Cleopatra Selene II
Silver denarius from the reign of Juba II (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) and Cleopatra Selene II (c. 40 - 5 BCE). Obverse: Juba II with the legend "Rex Iuba" (Latin, "King Juba"). Reverse: Egyptian crocodile with legend "Basilissa Kleopatra" (Greek...
Juba II as Hercules
A coin portraying Juba II of Mauretania (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) as Hercules. Obverse: Juba II as a youthful Hercules, wearing the Nemean Lion's skin. Reverse: Lion headdress and club of Hercules, with bow and arrow. Minted in Caesarea, Mauretania...
Coin Portrait of Cleopatra Selene II
A rare silver denarius with a delicate portrait of Cleopatra Selene II (c. 40 BCE - 5 BCE). Minted in Caesarea, Mauretania (near modern day Cherchell, Algeria), c. 20 BCE - 24 CE. Courtesy of Roma Numismatics Ltd., Auction XVIII, 29-09-2019...
Juba II & Cleopatra Selene II
Coin of Juba II (r. 29 BCE - 23 CE) and Cleopatra Selene II (c. 40 BCE - 5 BCE). Obverse: Diademed Juba II with the legend "Rex Iuba" (Latin, "King Juba"). Reverse: Draped and diademed Cleopatra Selene II with legend "Basilissa Kleopatra"...