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John the Baptist
Definition by Rebecca Denova

John the Baptist

John the Baptist (d. c. 30 CE) was a 1st-century CE itinerant preacher in Judea. We do not know his full name, but he is recognized by his activity. 'Baptizer' (Greek: baptizo) was translated directly into English and meant 'to immerse' or...
Christine de Pizan
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Christine de Pizan

Christine de Pizan (also given as Christine de Pisan, l. 1364 - c. 1430) was the first female professional writer of the Middle Ages and the first woman of letters in France. Her best-known works advocated for greater equality and respect...
Mauretania
Definition by Arienne King

Mauretania

Mauretania was an ancient kingdom in northwest Africa, encompassing regions of modern-day Morocco and Algeria. Although it shares a name with the modern country of Mauritania, they do not overlap. Ancient Mauretania was named after the Mauri...
Petrarch
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Petrarch

Petrarch (1304-1374 CE), full name Francesco Petrarca, was an Italian scholar and poet who is credited as one of the founders of the Renaissance movement in art, thought, and literature. Petrarch actively searched for 'lost' ancient manuscripts...
Monastic Orders of the Middle Ages
Article by Joshua J. Mark

Monastic Orders of the Middle Ages

The monastic orders of the Middle Ages developed from the desire to live a spiritual life without the distractions of the world. Men and women who took religious vows were seeking a purity of experience they found lacking as lay people. Their...
Prostitution in the Ancient Mediterranean
Article by Rebecca Denova

Prostitution in the Ancient Mediterranean

Prostitution in the ancient world usually referred to a classification of women and men who offered their sexual services outside the parameters of law codes for ancient society. The word 'prostitute' derives from the Latin prostituere ("to...
Boethius: First of the Medievals?
Article by Isaac Toman Grief

Boethius: First of the Medievals?

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (c. 477-524/525) was a scholar in Late Antiquity who was imprisoned and executed by Theodoric (r. 493-526 CE) but was later idolised by medieval intellectuals. His most famous work was De consolatione philosophiae...
Statue of Juan Ponce de León
Image by Dan Lundberg

Statue of Juan Ponce de León

A modern statue of Juan Ponce de León (c. 1460-1521) in St. Augustine, Florida. Ponce de León was a conquistador who became the first governor of Puerto Rico and, landing in Florida on an expedition of exploration, gave the region that name...
Livy's Roman History, 1664
Image by Andy Brill

Livy's Roman History, 1664

Historiarum ab Urbe Condita. - The complete history of Rome and its Urban Foundation -from its foundation to Augustine- by Titus Livius Patavina (59 BC – AD 17). Latin text. Edited with extensive commentary by Joannes Frederick Gronovius...
The Challenge of Gnosticism (Part 2)
Video by OU Office of Digital Learning

The Challenge of Gnosticism (Part 2)

Origins of Christianity Lecture Series http://www.ou.edu/content/cte/teaching/articles/origins-of-christianity.html The Origins of Christianity Lecture Series explores the history of Christianity from Jesus to Augustine. The series...
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