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Akkadian Stele of Ilšu-rabi from Tell Abu Sheeja
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Akkadian Stele of Ilšu-rabi from Tell Abu Sheeja

The stele was found at Tell Abu Sheeja, north of modern-day Amarah city, Maysan Governorate, Iraq. The Old Akkadian cuneiform inscription on the left side of the viewer mentions the name of the city of Pašime. Pašime lies western to the ancient...
Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae (UNESCO/NHK)
Videoby UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Nubian Monuments from Abu Simbel to Philae (UNESCO/NHK)

This outstanding archaeological area contains such magnificent monuments as the Temples of Ramses II at Abu Simbel and the Sanctuary of Isis at Philae, which were saved from the rising waters of the Nile thanks to the International Campaign...
Ramesses II
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ramesses II

Ramesses II (r. 1279-1213 BCE, alternative spellings: Ramses, Rameses) was known to the Egyptians as Userma'atre'setepenre, which means 'Keeper of Harmony and Balance, Strong in Right, Elect of Ra'. He is also known also as Ozymandias and...
Detail of Statue of Abu Bint Deimon, Hatra
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Detail of Statue of Abu Bint Deimon, Hatra

Abu Bint Deimon was the wife of Sanatruq I (reigned c. 140 - 180 CE), king of Hatra. This is a detail of the upper part of the statue. It represents one of the finest sculptures from Hatra. She wears an elaborate headgear, earrings, necklaces...
Spiral Minaret, Abu Dulaf
Imageby Gertrude Bell

Spiral Minaret, Abu Dulaf

A photograph by Gertrude Bell (l. 1868-1926) of a ruined spiral minaret near the Mosque of Abu Dulaf. Taken in 1909 in Iraq. (Gertrude Bell Archive)
Full Length Statue of Abu Bint Deimon, Hatra
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Full Length Statue of Abu Bint Deimon, Hatra

Abu Bint Deimon was the wife of Sanatruq I (reigned c. 140 - 180 CE), king of Hatra. The statue represents one of the finest sculptures from Hatra. She wears elaborate headgear, earrings, necklaces, and bracelets. Her right arm is raised...
Perforated Flint Disc from Abu Hamid
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Perforated Flint Disc from Abu Hamid

This is a hallmark of the Chalcolithic industry. The perforation may have been for inserting a stick; the disc would then be used for cutting, as a weapon, or just as a symbol of authority. Late Chalcolithic period, 4000-3800 BCE. From Abu...
Statue of Abu Bint Jablo, Hatra
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Statue of Abu Bint Jablo, Hatra

The Aramaic inscription on the base of the statute states that it was commissioned by Abu Bint Jablo's husband in her memory and that she was assassinated for an unknown reason under vague circumstances at the age of 18. The inscription also...
Decorated Pottery Jar from Abu Hamid
Imageby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Decorated Pottery Jar from Abu Hamid

This type is similar to the ones used for infant burials, but this one is painted with red strips using iron oxide (hematite), material already known during the Neolithic period for coloring plaster. The Jar was carefully made on a straw...
Statues Inside the Temple of Abu Simbel
Imageby David Roberts / Wellcome Collection

Statues Inside the Temple of Abu Simbel

Statues inside the temple of Abu Simbel, Egypt. Coloured lithograph by Louis Haghe after David Roberts, 1849 CE. Wellcome Collection, London. David Roberts travelled in the Middle East and North Africa, particularly Egypt, from 1838...
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