Uthman ibn Affan (l. 576/583-656 CE) was an early convert to Islam, a close friend and son-in-law of Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE), and the third caliph (r. 644-656 CE) of the Rashidun Caliphate (632-661 CE). His charitable acts and modesty...
UNESCO's Nubia & Abu Simbel Campaign
This collection is really dear to us as it is the fruit of our new collaboration and partnership with the UNESCO Archives. They have digitized a vast amount of resources that can be found on their platform and you can read all about their...
The Rashidun Caliphate (632-661 CE) was responsible for setting up the basis of the Islamic empire and expanding its borders beyond the Arabian soil. These leaders were selected by the consent of the people and based on their own merits...
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Ali ibn Abi Talib, or simply Ali, (l. 601-661 CE) was among the first Muslims, a cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (l. 570-632 CE), and later reigned as the fourth Caliph of Islam from 656 CE to 661 CE, when he was murdered...
The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750 CE), the first dynasty to take the title of Caliphate, was established in 661 CE by Muawiya (l. c. 602-680 CE), who had served as the governor of Syria under the Rashidun Caliphate, after the death of the fourth...
Abu Simbel Panorama
Abu Simbel is a Temple complex, originally cut into a solid rock cliff, in southern Egypt and located at the second cataract of the Nile River. The two temples which comprise the site (The Great Temple and The Small Temple) were created during...
Abu Simbel, Sanctuary of the Temple of Ramesses II
In the sanctuary inside the Temple of Ramesses II (Great Temple) at Abu Simbel are rock-cut sculptures of four seated figures: Ra-Horakhty, the deified king Ramesses, and the gods Amun Ra and Ptah. The architects of ancient Egypt in the 13th...
Abu Simbel - Work in Progess
View of work in progress, during the repositioning of the temples of Abu Simbel, relocated 60 meters high and 200 meters back from its original position
Abu Simbel, Interior of the Temple of Ramesses II
The hypostyle hall of the Temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel is 18 m (59 ft) long and 16.7 m (55 ft) wide and is supported by eight massive pillars depicting the deified Ramesses linked to the god Osiris. The temple's interior is decorated...
Abu Simbel - Plastic
Final plastic, which shows the original position of the temples of Abu Simbel (1300 BC) and the final position after the grand relocation.