Roman Gaul Timeline

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  • c. 390 BCE
    "Gallic Catastrophe:" Brennus of the Senones defeats the Romans at Allia, and subsequently sacks Rome.
  • 223 BCE
    Romans successfully campaign against Celtic tribes of Cisalpine Gaul.
  • 222 BCE
    Rome conquers Cisalpine Gaul (modern-day Provence, France).
  • 121 BCE
    Gallia Narbonensis becomes a Roman province.
  • 58 BCE - 51 BCE
  • 58 BCE
    Julius Caesar invades Gaul. Roman influence on the European tribes begins in earnest.
  • 57 BCE
    A Roman army under Caesar narrowly defeats an army of Nervii, Atrebates, and Viromandui.
  • 53 BCE
    Julius Caesar holds council of Gallic tribes in Lutetia.
  • 52 BCE
    Julius Caesar is defeated at Gergovia by Vercingetorix.
  • 52 BCE
    After becoming trapped and besieged at Alesia, Vercingetorix surrenders to Caesar.
  • 51 BCE
    Caesar's siege and capture of Uxellodunum ends the Gallic War.
  • 44 BCE
    The Allobroges unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule in southern Gaul.
  • 33 BCE
    The Belgic Morini and the Celts of Aquitania unsuccessfully rise against Roman rule.
  • c. 256 CE
    King Chrocus of the Alemanni invades Gaul and destroys the region.
  • 406 CE - c. 420 CE
    Vandals cross the Rhine and invade Gaul, migrate to Spain.
  • 406 CE
    Hun invasions force Vandals cross the Rhine into Gaul.
  • 451 CE
    Hun invasion of Gaul; Battle of the Cataluanian Plains (Battle of Chalons).
  • 486 CE
    Clovis of the Franks defeats the Romans in Gaul. Founding of the Frankish kingdom.