Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3411 / $18000


A sphinx is a mythical creature with the body of a lion, most often with a human head and sometimes with wings. The creature was an Egyptian invention and had a male head - human or animal; however, in Greek mythology, the creature had the head of a woman. The sphinx is also present in the art and sculpture of the Mycenaean, Assyrian, Persian and Phoenician civilizations.

More about: Sphinx


  • c. 2500 BCE
    The Great Sphinx of Giza is built.
  • 1900 BCE - 1500 BCE
    Sphinxes are represented in Minoan art in pottery, plaques and fabrics.
  • 1500 BCE - 1200 BCE
    Sphinxes are represented in Mycenaean art, particularly in pottery and ivory carving.
  • 900 BCE - 800 BCE
    Surviving sphinxes from the Assyrian civilization, usually placed as guards outside palaces.
  • 700 BCE - 300 BCE
    Sphinxes are represented in Persian architecture either as free standing sculpture or in relief wall decoration.
  • 700 BCE - 600 BCE
    First appearance of sphinxes in ancient Greek art.
  • c. 560 BCE
    Naxos dedicates a large column and sphinx to the oracle of Apollo at Delphi.
  • c. 550 BCE
    First appearance in ancient Greek art of sphinxes with raised hind quarters.