Sardis Timeline

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  • 687 BCE - 652 BCE
    King Gyges rules Lydia and expands its borders. Sardis becomes Lydian capital.
  • c. 685 BCE - 546 BCE
    Mermnad Dynasty rules Lydia.
  • c. 635 BCE - 585 BCE
    Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
  • 560 BCE - 546 BCE
    Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
  • 499 BCE - 493 BCE
    Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
  • c. 498 BCE
    Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
  • 334 BCE
    Sardis surrenders to Alexander the Great.
  • May 334 BCE
    Alexander invades the Persian empire.
  • 280 BCE
    Lydia becomes a part of the Seleucid Empire.
  • 215 BCE - 213 BCE
    Siege of Sardis by Antiochus III of the Seleucid Empire; Sardis falls.
  • 133 BCE
    Lydia and its captial Sardis comes under Roman rule.
  • 17 BCE
    An earthquake destroys 12 cities in Lydia, including Sardis.
  • 615 CE
    Sardis is sacked by Sassanian Persians; damage is never repaired
  • c. 1402 CE
    Sardis is abandoned as a ruin.
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