Sardis Timeline

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  • 687 BCE - 546 BCE
    Mermnad dynasty rules Lydia.
  • 687 BCE - 652 BCE
    King Gyges rules Lydia and expands its borders. Sardis becomes Lydian capital.
  • 609 BCE - 560 BCE
    Reign of Alyattes of Lydia. Minting of first coins made from electrum.
  • 560 BCE - 547 BCE
    Reign of Croesus of Lydia.
  • 499 BCE - 494 BCE
    Ionian cities rebel against Persian rule.
  • c. 498 BCE
    Ionians and Greek allies invade and burn Sardis (capital of Lydia).
  • 334 BCE
    Sardis surrenders to Alexander the Great.
  • May 334 BCE
    Alexander invades the Persian empire.
  • 280 BCE
    Lydia becomes a part of the Seleucid Empire.
  • 133 BCE
    Lydia and its captial Sardis comes under Roman rule.
  • 17 BCE
    An earthquake destroys 12 cities in Lydia and affects Sardis.
  • 616 CE
    Sardis' civc life comes to an end. A Persian army penetrates the Roman defensive lines that had been deployed in eastern Anatolia. Soon after, part of that region falls to the Persians, including Sardis.