Praetor

Definition

A praetor was a senior magistrate in ancient Roman government, who was granted executive or imperium powers similar to that of the consuls. Although originally assigned legal authority over the courts, his executive powers allowed him to command the army and, if needed, even preside over the Roman Senate. Candidates usually had to serve as a praetor before they could stand election to the consulship.

More about: Praetor

Timeline

  • 367 BCE
    The Licino-Sextian rogations establish the office a third praetor; the original two are renamed consuls.
  • 337 BCE
    The first plebeian praetor is elected.
  • 228 BCE
    The number of praetors is increased to four.
  • c. 226 BCE
    Marcus Claudius Marcellus is made a praetor.
  • 180 BCE
    The Lex Villia Annalis sets the minimum age of each magistracy in the Roman government.
  • 73 BCE
    Marcus Licinius Crassus is made praetor.
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