Edessa Timeline

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  • 304 BCE
    Seleucos I refounds and renames the ancient city thereafter known as Edessa.
  • 132 BCE
    Osreoene, with its capital at Edessa, declares itself an independent kingdom.
  • 68 BCE - 53 BCE
    Reign of Abgar II, king of Osroene.
  • 109 CE - 116 CE
    Reign of Abgar VII, king of Osroene.
  • 179 CE - 216 CE
    Reign of Abgar IX, king of Osroene.
  • 202 CE
    The earliest record of a Christian church at Edessa.
  • 242 CE
    Osroene, with its capital at Edessa, is made into a Roman province.
  • 260 CE
    Shapur I captures the Roman emperor Valerian at Edessa.
  • 503 CE
    Kavad, king of the Sasanian Empire, unsuccessfully besieges Edessa.
  • 544 CE
    Chosroes I, king of the Sasanian Empire, unsuccessfully besieges Edessa. n
  • c. 640 CE
    Edessa is ruled by Muslim Arabs.
  • c. 654 CE
    According to Theophanes, a Jewish merchant transports the pieces of the fallen Colossus of Rhodes to Edessa for melting down.
  • 944 CE
    A Byzantine army led by John Kourkouas besieges Edessa. The Mandylion icon is taken to Constantinople
  • 1036 CE
    The Emirs of Mayyafariqin and Harran attack the Byzantine city of Edessa.
  • Mar 1098 CE
    Baldwin of Boulogne takes control of Edessa and the County of Edessa is formed, one of four Crusader-created states in the Levant.
  • 24 Dec 1144 CE
    The Muslim Seljuk Turks, led by Imad ad-Din Zangi, capture Edessa.
  • Sep 1146 CE
    Joscelin II's attempt to retake Edessa fails and the city is sacked by Nur ad-Din.
  • 1147 CE - 1149 CE
    The Second Crusade is launched to recapture Edessa for Christendom. It is not successful.
  • 1150 CE
    End of the County of Edessa.