Egyptian Medicine Timeline

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  • c. 3000 BCE
    Medical School at the Temple of Neith as Sais, run by a female physician.
  • c. 2700 BCE
    Chief Physician Merit-Ptah is first female doctor/scientist in the world known by name.
  • c. 2667 BCE - 2600 BCE
    Imhotep, architect to Djoser, considered "First Physician".
  • c. 2600 BCE
    Hesyre is first dentist in the world known by name.
  • c. 2500 BCE
    Pesehet is "Lady Overseer of Female Physicians".
  • c. 1800 BCE
    Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus text written.
  • c. 1782 BCE - c. 1570 BCE
    London Medical Papyrus written during the Second Intermediate Period.
  • c. 1600 BCE
    Edwin Smith Papyrus copy written.
  • c. 1570 BCE - c. 1069 BCE
    Berlin Medical Papyrus copy dated to New Kingdom.
  • c. 1570 BCE - c. 1069 BCE
    Hearst Papyrus copy written.
  • c. 1550 BCE
    Ebers Papyrus copy written.
  • c. 200 CE - c. 300 CE
    Demotic Magical Papyrus written.