Corcyra

Definition

Corcyra (modern Corfu and also known as Kerkyra) located in the Ionian sea is one of the northern most Greek islands and was an important polis or city-state in the Archaic and Classical periods. Possessing a significant naval fleet and controlling access to the Adriatic, the island was often fought over by larger city-states such as Corinth and Athens in the Classical Period and was a Roman naval base in the 1st century BCE.

More about: Corcyra

Timeline

  • c. 733 BCE
    Traditional date when Corinth founds a colony on Corcyra.
  • 660 BCE
    Corcyra wins a naval battle against their founding city of Corinth.
  • c. 580 BCE
    The west pediment of the temple of Artemis in Corcyra depicts Medusa and Pegasus.
  • 490 BCE - 470 BCE
    Corcyra does not participate in the Persian Wars.
  • 433 BCE
    A naval battle between the victorious combined forces of Corcyra and Athens against Corinth.
  • 433 BCE
    Alliance between Athens and Corcyra.
  • 427 BCE
    Civil war on Corcyra between democratic and oligarchic factions.
  • 344 BCE
    Corcyra contributes two ships to Timoleon's fleet which attacked Syracuse.
  • 229 BCE
    Corcyra is captured by the Illyrians.
  • 148 BCE
    Corcyra is made part of the Roman province of Macedonia.
  • 31 BCE
    Octavian uses Corcyra as a Roman naval base.
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