The ancient city of Aquileia was situated near the head of the Adriatic Sea west of the Roman province of Illyria. The strategic location of the city served a crucial role in the expansion of the Roman Republic by serving as a buffer against possible invasions from the Germanic tribes to the north. As a colony with major harbor facilities, Aquileia allowed the Romans to exploit both the neighboring gold mines as well as the region's own rich amber.

More about: Aquileia


  • 181 BCE
    A Roman colony is founded at Aquileia.
  • 167 CE
    Marcomanni sack Aquileia.
  • 452 CE
    Attila's invasion of Italy.