Amazon Women


In Greek mythology, the Amazons were a race of warlike women noted for their riding skills, courage, and pride, who lived at the outer limits of the known world, sometimes specifically mentioned as the city of Themiskyra on the Black Sea. Their queen was Hippolyte, and although Homer tells us they were 'the equal of men', they most famously fought and lost separate battles against three Greek heroes: Hercules, Theseus, and Bellerophon. Scenes from these battles were popular in Greek art, especially on pottery and in monumental sculpture adorning some of the most important buildings in the Greek world, including the Parthenon of Athens. Intriguingly, archaeological investigation of tombs across Eurasia has shown conclusively that many women of nomadic steppe tribes were indeed warriors, particularly around the Black Sea area.

More about: Amazon Women


  • c. 700 BCE
    The earliest depiction of a Greek fighting an Amazon is found on a terracotta votive shield.
  • c. 540 BCE
    A black-figure vase by Exekias depicts Achilles killing the Amazon Penthesilea.
  • 510 BCE - 370 BCE
    Greeks fighting Amazons becomes a popular subject of architectural sculpture across Greece.