Yazidism Timeline

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  • 680 - 683
    Yazid ibn Mu'awiya reigns over the Umayyad Caliphate.
  • 1100 - 1167
    Muslim historian 'Abd al-Karim al-Sam'ani first records the Yazidis as a distinct community.
  • c. 1100 - 1162
    The Sufi mystic Sheikh 'Adi journeys to the Kurdish mountains in Iraq. His followers eventually call themselves "Yazidis."
  • 1162 - c. 1400
    Yazidi culture and ethnic identity coalesce after the death of Sheikh 'Adi in 1162 CE.
  • c. 1200 - 1253
    Sheikh Hasan, the grandson of Sheikh 'Adi's nephew, expands Yazidi influence throughout the Muslim world. Yazidis immigrate to large swathes of the Middle East.
  • 1253
    Fearing a Kurdish revolt, the provincial governor of Mosul sends his forces to burn Sheikh 'Adi's bones in Lalish. Sheikh Hasan, the leader of the Yazidis, is captured and beheaded.