William III of England


William III of England (also William II of Scotland, r. 1689-1702) became king of England, Scotland, and Ireland after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Protestant William, Prince of Orange, was invited to rule jointly with his wife Mary II of England (1689-1694), daughter of the deposed James II of England (1685-1688), who was Catholic. William spent much of his reign in an indecisive war with France and he was not popular in his adopted kingdom.

More about: William III of England


  • 4 Nov 1650
    William of Orange (future William III of England) is born in Binnerhof Palace, The Hague.
  • 4 Nov 1677
    Princess Mary (future Mary II of England) marries William, Prince of Orange.
  • 1678
    A peace treaty is signed between France and the Netherlands.
  • 1688 - 1697
    The Nine Year’s War between France and the Netherlands, Holy Roman Empire, and Britian.
  • 30 Jun 1688
    A group of seven prominent Protestants invite William of Orange to become king of England.
  • 5 Nov 1688
    William of Orange lands an invading army in southern England.
  • 23 Dec 1688
    Parliament declares James II of England's abdication date as this day when he left English shores.
  • 1689 - 1702
    Reign of William III of England.
  • 1689 - 1694
    Reign of Mary II of England (ruled jointly with William III).
  • 13 Feb 1689
    Parliament formally decrees the new joint monarchs of William III of England and Mary II of England.
  • 11 May 1689
    William III of England and Mary II of England jointly accept the Scottish crown.
  • 27 Jul 1689
    Viscount Dundee defeats a pro-William army at Killiecrankie in Scotland.
  • Aug 1689
    William III of England establishes control of Scotland with victory at the battle of Dunkeld.
  • 21 Aug 1689
    A Jacobite army led by ‘Bonnie’ Dundee is defeated at Dunkeld in Scotland. Dundee is killed.
  • 16 Dec 1689
    Parliament issues a Bill of Rights, which establishes a constituional monarchy in England, Scotland, and Ireland.
  • 1 Jul 1690
    William III establishes his rule over Ireland with victory against James II at the battle of Boyne.
  • Feb 1692
    Leaders of the MacDonald clan (Jacobite supporters) are massacred at Glencoe by the Campbells.
  • 28 Dec 1694
    Mary II of England dies in Kensington Palace.
  • 1696
    William III of England survives a kidnap and assassination attempt by Jacobite sympathisers.
  • 1697
    The Civil List Act, which sets the funds available to the British monarchy.
  • 20 Sep 1697
    The Treaty of Ryswick ends the Nine Years' War.
  • 8 Mar 1702
    William III of England dies at Kensington Palace after falling from his horse.